The very essence of human existence is to procreate: multiply and fill the earth like the Christain holy book puts it.
But in the last fifty years, awareness has been raised to celebrate the recognition of family planning as a human right.
One may wonder; what changed? The answer, an exploding world population. In 1989, the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme recommended that July 11 be set aside to focus on the issues of the population by introducing birth control methods.
This year’s theme marking the World Population Day is: ‘Birth Control is a Human Right‘.
In marking the 50-year-old legislation recognising family planning as a human right, the United Nations’ body hopes to include global communities in the pressing need to adopt safe birth control methods.
An estimated 214 women from developing countries having no access to modern and safe birth control methods. This year’s World Population Day seeks to resound to the women in the poorest 20 percent of the population having the least available contraceptives.
The fright by experts is that before the run of this century, the world’s 7.6 billion population might potentially hit 11.2 billion. This would mean that the Earth might eventually be unable to cater for the explosive population.
With birth control methods in place since half a century ago, one might wonder at how unresponsive the world has been to the population crisis.
— Sainik Public School (@SainikPSchool) July 11, 2018
This tweet by @SainikPublicSchool points out seven countries responsible for half of the world’s population. Between China’s I.379 billion and India’s 1.324 billion population, the continent of Asia remains under threat of population explosion very soon. This population is minus Indonesia’s 261.1 million and Pakistan’s 193.2 million population.
The United States’ 325.7 million and Brazil’s 207.7 million population threatens the North and South American continents.
Nigeria’s 186 million population has been predicted to be hitting over 300 million by 2020.
These 7 countries will account for a demi of the world’s 7.6 billion population. And while one might wonder at how insignificant the United Nation’s population concerns seem, the question of control methods comes to mind.
Nigeria and the general acceptability of Birth Control
Nigeria’s population in recent years has been on the increase. Although one may not accurately know Nigeria’s population, The World Bank’s statistics place it at 182 million in 2015.
This exaggerated stat plays out highly for politicians who are greedy for seats in the Parliament.
While a real statistics might never be placed on Nigeria’s population, the increasing population is no secret. Lagos alone the country’s commercial capital alone pulls in a whopping 21 million persons.
The cause of Nigeria’s overpopulation lies chiefly in religion and ignorance. The majority of Muslims in northern Nigeria frown on contraceptives. Seeing it as a Western plot for putting a stop to the religion’s growth. Asides this, the rural residents believe that large families equal economic prosperity.
Having a large household would mean that there are enough hands to help out on farmlands. These extra hands would increase production and eventually, more profit.
Some Muslim religious leaders have a tolerance for the idea of contraceptives. But it has to be the natural withdrawal method says Kaduna cleric Yusuf Ali.
Nigeria’s 22.6 million(2012 stat) Catholics also disfavour the use of contraceptive. While the United Nations mark today as the legalization of birth controls, Catholics celebrate Pope Paul VI’s ‘Humane Vitae’ teachings.
The premiere’s Catholic teachings strictly frown prohibit artificial contraceptives.
And although quite shocking to folks of the Catholic faith, many Catholics globally accept the Pope’s teachings on contraceptive use. And again like some Muslim religious leaders, Catholic priests encourage partners to plan naturally child-spacing, exclusivity and sexual confidence.
This means that the issue of artificial contraceptives is ignored, not only to follow classic Catholic doctrine but to preserve the authority of the church.
According to this excerpt from The Economist, Education can kill the ignorance of careless child bearing and sexual choices:
”To be prosperous as well as populous, Nigeria needs to educate its people better. This would also curb population growth, since well-schooled women tend to have fewer babies. In a sparse classroom in the city of Zaria, 15 adolescent girls swathed in white hijabs learn about reproduction, financial literacy and how to say no. The course is run by a local NGO and paid for by the UN Population Fund. The girls say they want fewer children than when they started the sessions in September, so that they can educate them well.”
Their recount will experiment with an average Nigerian female’s view on family planning after getting an education.
Their experiment will conclude with a simple fact: educated females would be more self-aware, opt for better choices in spouses and want fewer children.
The Kaduna government for instance, issued free contraceptives and suggest that women plan during familial situations. The state also promoted girl-child education. The consequences of this exercise saw a dramatique decrease in birth rate. From the average 6.3 in 2008 to a 4.1 in 2013.
For Nigeria and indeed the six-power populations on earth to curb the overwhelmingly increasing population rate, birth controls must be taken seriously. Because if the population continues to shoot up, by 2050, Earth might be tackling some serious population challenges.
Poultry Podcast anchors, question the level of Nigerian females in the midst of the global shake by women fighting gender pay-gaps, sexual misconduct against them and equality:
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Image Credits: Crowds in Africa, Global Black History